Glossary of Bar Terms
The Multistate Professional Examination (MPRE)
The MPRE is a 50-question, two-hour, multiple-choice examination required for admission to the bar in all states except Maryland, Washington and Wisconsin. This exam is administered three times per year, in March, August and November. The CSO has MPRE application packets or you can register online at www.ncbex.org or www.act.org/mpre. Bar/Bri offers an MPRE review course. The MPRE tests your knowledge and understanding of the ethical standards expected in the legal profession. You can take the MPRE in any state and have your score transferred to another state at a later date. Most law students take the MPRE the summer after their second year of law school or in the fall of their third year.
Bar Exam: Components for Most States
The Multistate Bar Exam (MBE): The MBE is a six-hour, 200 question, multiple-choice examination covering contracts, torts, criminal law, evidence, real property and constitutional law.
The Multistate Performance Test (MPT): This exam consists of several 90-minute questions (the number varies by state) designed to test the practical use of legal analysis, fact analysis, problem solving, ethical issues, organization and management of lawyering tasks, as well as effective use of communication within the legal profession. Check the bar exam format for your state to find out if the MPT will be included.
The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE): The MEE entails a three-hour, six-question essay examination covering agency/partnership, commercial drafting, conflict of laws, corporations, estates, family law, federal civil procedure, sales, secured transactions and trusts. The Ohio bar exam includes 12 essay questions, but does not follow the MEE format.
Bar/Bri and PMBR
Both Bar/Bri and PMBR offer review courses for state bar exams. PMBR specializes in preparing students for the Multistate Bar Examination. Bar/Bri offers review courses for all components of the state bar exam. Bar/Bri also offers review courses for the MPRE and the Patent Bar Exam. We encourage you to enroll in the review courses as soon as possible since the cost increases the longer you wait.
The Patent Bar
Students who wish to prosecute patents in front of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office must pass the patent bar exam. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office administers the exam with the purpose of testing knowledge of patent laws, rules, procedure, and practice as well as the ability to understand and properly draft claims. Patent bar applicants must have a bachelor’s degree in a recognized technical or scientific subject such as biology, chemistry or engineering, or have a sufficient number of credit hours in an approved discipline. You can take the patent bar in any state regardless of where you intend to practice. You can register online to take the exam.
The patent bar exam is difficult, so we recommend that you sign up for a patent bar review course and give yourself time to study. You can research various review courses online: Patent Bar Review; PatBar; Patent Bar Study; Bar/Bri; and Patent Resources Group.