Fire Testing Station

Selected Publications

Elmushyakhi A., Toubia, E., Morgan, A.B., “Post-Fire Failure Mechanisms of Seawater-Accelerated Weathering Composites for Coastal and Marine Structures” Marine Structures (Under Review)

“The Future of Flame Retardant Polymers – Unmet Needs and Likely New Approaches” Morgan, A.B. Polymer Reviews 2018, In Press

“An Experimental Setup for Observation of Smoldering-to-Flaming Transition on Flexible Foam/Fabric Assemblies” Stoliarov, S. I.; Zeller, O.; Morgan, A.B.; Levchik, S. Fire Mater. 2018, 42, 128-133 DOI: 10.1002/fam.2464

“New Polyether Diols as Flame Retardants for Polyurethane: Derivatives of Epoxy Functionalized Phosphonates and Phosphates” Byard, B.; Wang, K.; Morgan, A.B.; Benin, V. Fire Mater. 2018, 42, 3-17 DOI: 10.1002/fam.2452

“Preparation and Studies of New Phosphorus-Containing Diols as Potential Flame Retardants” Wang, K.; Morgan, A.B.; Benin V. Fire Mater. 2017, 41, 973-982.

“Flammability of Natural Plant and Animal Fibers: A Heat Release Survey” Galaska, M. L.; Horrocks, A.R.; Morgan, A.B. Fire Mater. 2017, 41, 275-288.

“Carbon Nanotube Multilayer Nanocoatings Prevent Flame Spread on Flexible Polyurethane Foam” Holder, K. M.; Cain, A.A.; Plummer, M.G.; Stevens, B. E.; Odenborg, P. K.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan J. G. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 2016, 301, 665-673

“Effects of Laundering on Military Uniform Fabric Flammability” Morgan, A.B.; Yip, P. W. Fire Mater. 2016, 40, 599–611 DOI: 10.1002/fam.2313

“Synthesis and flammability testing of epoxy functionalized phosphorus-based flame retardants” Benin, V.; Cui, X.; Morgan, A.B.; Seiwert, K.J. App. Polym. Sci. 2015, DOI: 10.1002/app.42296

“Flame Retardants: Overview” Morgan, A.B.; Worku, A.Z. Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology John Wiley & Sons, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/0471238961

“Apparatus for the Vertical Orientation Cone Calorimeter Testing of Flexible Polyurethane Foams” Galaska, M. L.; Morgan, A.B.; Schenck, K. A.; Stalter, J.G. Fire Mater. 2015, 40, 158-176.

“Non-Halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook” Morgan, A.B.; Wilkie, C. A. Eds. ISBN 978-1-118-68624-9, Scrivener Publishing LLC, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.

Rectenwald, M.F.; Gaffen, J. R.; Rheingold, A.L.; Morgan, A.B.; Protasiewicz, J.D. “Phosphoryl-Rich Flame retardant ions (FRIONs): Toward Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries” Angewandte Chemie 2014, 53, 4173-4176.

Morgan, A.B.; Toubia, E. “Cone Calorimeter and Room Corner Fire Testing of Balsa Wood Core / Phenolic Composites Skin Sandwich Panels” J. Fire Sci. 2014, 32, 327 – 344 DOI: 10.1177/0734904113514944

Benin V.; Gardelle B.; Morgan A.B. “Heat Release of Polyurethanes Containing Potential Flame Retardants based on Boron and Phosphorus Chemistries” Polymer Degrad. Stab. 2014, 106, 108-121. doi: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.09.004.

Morgan, A.B. “Flame Retardant Design for the Future” Materials China 2013, 32, 129-136.

Kuttler, A.; Durganala, S.; Fratini, A.; Morgan, A.B.; Benin, V. “Structure, Theoretical Studies and Coupling Reactions of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters” Heteroatom Chemistry 2013, 24,

Laufer, G.; Kirkland, C.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan, J. "Exceptionally flame retardant sulfur-based multilayer nanocoating for polyurethane prepared from aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions" ACS Macro Lett. 2013, 2, 361-365.

Laufer, G.; Kirkland, C.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan, J. C. “Intumescent Mulitlayer Nanocoating, Made with Renewable Polyelectrolytes, for Flame-Retardant Cotton” Biomacromolecules 2012, 13, 2843-2848.

“Fire and Polymers VI: New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science” ACS Symposium Series # 1118, Morgan, A.B.; Wilkie, C.A.; Nelson, G.L. Eds. ISBN13: 9780841227804 DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1118

Felix, T.; Junior, O.P.P.; Peres, A.; Sayer, C.; Morgan, A.B.; Araújo, P. H. H. “Comparison of Bismuth Trioxide and Antimony Trioxide as Synergists with Decabromodiphenyl Ether in Flame Retardancy of High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)” J. Fire Sci. 2013, 30, 566-574.

Ivan, N.; Benin, V.; Morgan, A.B. “Preparation of Phosphonoterphthalic Acids via Palladium-Catalyzed Coupling of Aromatic Iodoesters” Synthetic Communications 2013, 43, 1831-1836.

Benin, V.; Durganala, S.; Morgan, A.B. “Synthesis and Flame Retardant Testing of New Boronated and Phosphonated Aromatic Compounds” J. Mater. Chem. 2012, 22, 1180-1190.

Li, Y-C.; Mannen, S.; Yang, Y-H.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan, J.C. “Anti-Flammable Intumescent Nanocoatings on Fabric” Advanced Materials 2011, 23, 3926-3931.

Nakamura, R.; Netravali, A.N.; Morgan, A.B.; Nyden, M.R.; Gilman, J.W. “Effect of Halloysite Nanotubes on Mechanical Properties and Flammability of Soy Protein based Green Composites” Fire and Materials 2013, 37, 75-90.

Morgan, A.B.; Putthanarat, S. “Use of Inorganic Materials to Enhance Thermal Stability and Flammability Behavior of a Polyimide” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 2011, 96, 23-32.

McGrattan, K.; Lock, A.; Marsh, N.; Nyden, M.; Price, M.; Morgan, A.B.; Galaska, M.; Schenck, K. “Cable Heat Release, Ignition, and Spread in Tray Installations During Fire (CHRISTIFIRE) Phase 1: Horizontal Trays." United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC NUREG/CR-7010, Vol 1, Published July 2012

Morgan, A.B.; Gilman, J.W. “An Overview of Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials: Application, Technology and Future Direction” Fire and Materials 2013, 37, 259-279.

Morgan, A.B.; Liu, W. “Flammability of Thermoplastic Carbon Nanofiber Nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2011, 35, 43-60.

Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, 2nd Edition. Eds. Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan A.B. December 2009 (2010 publishing date), Taylor and Francis. Boca Raton, FL ISBN 978-1-4200-8399-6.

Higginbotham, A.; Lomeda, J.; Morgan, A.B.; Tour J.T. “Graphite Oxide Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2009, 1, 2256-2261.

Hirschler, M.M.; Morgan, A.B. “Thermal Decomposition of Polymers” in Society for Fire Protection Engineering Handbook Eds. DiNenno, P. J.; Drysdale, D. D.; Beyler, C. L.; Walton, W. D.; Custer, R. L. P.; Hall, J. R.; Watts, J. M. National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 2008, ISBN 978-0-87765-821-4.

ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy. Eds. Nelson, G. .; Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan A.B. 2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328. ISBN 978-0-8412-6988-0

Morgan, A.B. “A Review of Transition Metal-Based Flame Retardants: Transition Metal Oxide/Salts, and Complexes” in ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy. Eds. Nelson, G. L.; Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan A.B. 2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328.

Morgan, A.B.; Gagliardi, N.A.; Price, W.A.; Galaska, M.L. “Cone Calorimeter Testing of S2 Glass Reinforced Polymer Composites” Fire Mater. 2009, 33, 323-344.

Fox, D.M.; Gilman, J.W.; Morgan, A.B.; Shields, J.; Maupin, P.H.; Lyon, R.E.; De Long, H.C.; Trulove, P.C. “Flammability and Thermal Analysis Characterization of Imadazolium-Based Ionic Liquids” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2008, 47, 6327-6332.

Morgan, A.B.; Galaska, M.L. ”Microcombustion calorimetry as a tool for screening flame retardancy in epoxy” Polymers for Advanced Technology 2008, 19, 530-546.

“The Use of Nanotechnology for Fire Safety: Current State of the Art, Possible Problems, and New Opportunities” Morgan, A.B. Nanotechnology Law and Business 2007, 4, issue 3

Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites Edited by Alexander B. Morgan and Charles A. Wilkie. Book published by John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ 2007. ISBN 978-0-471-73426-0

Morgan, A.B.; Bundy, M. “Cone Calorimeter Analysis of UL-94 V Rated Plastics” Fire and Materials 2007, 31, 257-283.

Morgan, A.B.; Cogen, J.M.; Opperman, R.S.; Harris, J.D. “Magnesium Carbonate Based Flame Retardant Systems for Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) and Poly(ethylene-co-ethyl acrylate).” Fire and Materials. 2007, 31, 387-410.

Gilman, J.W.; Harris, R.H.; Shields, J.R.; Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A.B. “A study of the flammability reduction mechanism of polystyrene-layered silicate nanocomposite: layered silicate reinforced carbonaceous char” Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 263-271.

Morgan, A.B. “Flame Retarded Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review Of Commercial and Open Literature Systems. Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 206-217.

Morgan, A.B.; Chu, L-L.; Harris, J.D. “A flammability performance comparison between synthetic and natural clays in polystyrene nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2005, 29, 213-229.

Chu, L.L.; Anderson, S.K.; Harris, J.D.; Beach, M.W.; Morgan, A.B. “Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) layered silicate nanocomposites prepared by melt compounding” Polymer 2004, 45, 4051-4061.

Gilman, J.W.; Bourbigot, S.; Shields, J.R.; Nyden, M. .; Kashiwagi, T.; Davis, R.D.; VanderHart, D.L.; Demory, W.; Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan, A.B.; Harris, J.; Lyon, R.E. “High Throughput Methods for Polymer Nanocomposites Research: Extrusion, NMR Characterization and Flammability Property Screening” Journal of Materials Science 2003, 38, 4451-4460.

Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A.B.; Antonucci, J.M.; VanLandingham, M.R.; Harris, R.H.; Awad, W. H.; Shields, J.R. “Thermal and Flammability Properties of a Silica-Poly(methylmethacrylate) Nanocomposite” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2003, 89, 2072-2078.

Morgan, A.B.; Harris, J.D. “Effects of organoclay Soxhlet extraction on mechanical properties, flammability properties and organoclay dispersion of polypropylene nanocomposites” Polymer 2003, 44, 2313-2320.

Morgan, A.B.; Harris, R. H.; Kashiwagi, T.; Chyall, L.J.; Gilman, J.W. “Flammability of Polystyrene Layered Silicate (Clay) Nanocomposites: Carbonaceous Char Formation” Fire and Materials 2002, 26, 247-253.

Yao, H.; Zhu, J.; Morgan, A.B.; Wilkie, C.A. “Crown Ether-Modified Clays and Their Polystyrene Nanocomposites” Polymer Engineering and Science 2002, 42, 1808.

Zanetti, M.; Camino, G.; Canavese, D.; Morgan, A.B.; Lamelas, F.J.; Wilkie, C. A. “Fire Retardant Halogen-Antimony-Clay Synergism in Polypropylene Layered Silicate Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 189.

Zhu, J.; Morgan, A.B.; Lamelas, F.J.; Wilkie, C.A. “Fire Properties Of Polystyrene-Clay Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 3774.

Gilman, J.W.; Jackson, C.L.; Morgan, A.B.; Harris, R.H.; Manias, E.; Giannelis, E. P.; Wuthenow, M.; Hilton, D.; Phillips, S. “Flammability Properties of Polymer Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites. Polypropylene and Polystyrene Nanocomposites.” Chem. Mater. 2000, 12, 1866.

Morgan, A.B.; Jurs, J.L.; Tour, J.M. “Boronic Acids: Polymer Flame Retardant Additives” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2000, 76, 1257.

Morgan, A.B.; Tour, J.M. “Synthesis and Testing of Non-Halogenated Alkyne/Phosphorus-Containing Polymer Additives: Potent Condensed Phase Flame Retardants.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1999, 73, 707-718.

Morgan, A.B.; Tour, J.M. “Synthesis and Testing of Nonhalogenated Alkyne-Containing Flame Retarding Polymer Additives.” Macromolecules 1998, 31, 2857.