Directory

Melissa Berry

Visiting Assistant Professor

Full-Time Faculty

Contact

Email: Melissa Berry
Phone: 937-229-2290

ZH 315

Profile

Dr. Berry has taught part-time at UD since 1996, and began teaching and advising in a full-time capacity in 2000. She has also taught at the University of Cincinnati, Wright State University, Sinclair Community College, and Antioch College. Dr. Berry has taught a wide range of courses, including Forensic Psychology, Introductory Psychology, Social Psychology, Health Psychology, Social Cognition, Personality Psychology, and Experimental Psychology.

Faculty Perspective

Although for many of my younger years I was certain that I would pursue a career in law, my first exposure to the study of psychology changed my perspective. During my first year in college I took Introductory Psychology, and I was hooked! My exposure to Social Psychology during my junior year helped focus my interests further, which then led to an undergraduate honors thesis involving counterfactual thinking. I've been researching different applications of counterfactual thinking since that time, and I've also rekindled my original passion for studying the law. Activities like teaching law-related courses (Forensic Psychology and Wrongful Convictions), conducting research in this area, and taking law school courses have allowed me to pursue both of my loves: social psychology and its intersection with the legal system.

In all aspects of my work, whether teaching, conducting research, or advising students, I try to focus on the practical applications and implications of the task at hand. As a student, I often asked myself questions like "Why does this matter? When will I use this information?" Keeping these questions in mind, I make every effort to apply pertinent material and make it relevant to students' everyday lives

Courses Taught

  • Physiological Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental Psychology
  • Social Cognition (graduate level)
  • Forensic Psychology (undergraduate and graduate)
  • Health Psychology
  • Introductory Psychology
  • Psychology of Personality
  • Psychology of Adjustment
  • Uses of Psychology in Everyday Life
  • Wrongful Convictions

Degrees

  • Ph.D., University of Cincinnati, 1998

Research Interests

  • Counterfactual thinking (considering "what might have been") and its numerous applications, such as its role in (1) coping efforts, (2) jury deliberations, and (3) health behaviors
  • Aspects of forensic psychology, such as (1) eyewitness identifications, (2) perceptions of rape victims, and (3) false confessions

Selected Publications and Presentations

Publications

Brown, M., Rodriguez, D. N., Gretak, A., and Berry, M. A. (2017). "Preliminary evidence for how the behavioral immune system predicts juror decision-making." Evolutionary Psychological Science, 4, 325-334. doi: 10.1007/s40806-017-0102-z

Rodriguez, D. N., and Berry, M. A. (2016). "Sensitizing potential jurors to variations in eyewitness evidence quality using counterfactual thinking." Applied Cognitive Psychology, 30, 600-612. doi: 10.1002/acp.3233

Eavers, E. R., Berry, M. A., and Rodriguez, D. N. (2015). "The effects of counterfactual thinking on college students' intentions to quit smoking cigarettes." Current Research in Social Psychology, 23, 66-77.

Rodriguez, D. N., Berry, M. A., and Gresley, J. L. (2015). "Modeling the influence of situational and attitudinal variables on lay responses to violent sexual and non-sexual offenders." American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 33, 1-23.

Smart, S,  Berry, M. A., and Rodriguez, D. N.  (2014). "Skilled observation and change blindness: A comparison of law enforcement and student samples." Applied Cognitive Psychology. doi: 10.1002/acp.3021

Rodriguez, D. N., and  Berry, M. A.  (2013). "Eyewitness science and the call for double-blind lineup administration". Journal of Criminology. doi: 10.1155/2013/530523

Rodriguez, D. N., and  Berry, M. A.  (2012). "The effect of lineup administrator blindness on the recording of eyewitness identification decisions."  Legal and Criminological Psychology. Doi: 10.1111/j.2011-8333.2012.03058.x

Daftary-Kapur, T., and  Berry, M. A. (2010). "Outcome severity, monetary anchors, and mock juror decision-making." The American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 28(1), 21-45.

Rodriguez, D. N., and  Berry, M. A. (2010). "System and estimator variables, eyewitness confidence, and the postidentification feedback effect." The American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 28(2), 17-37.

Hammond, E.M, Berry, M.A., and Rodriguez, D. N. (2011). "Juror decision-making in rape trials: The roles of rape myth acceptance, sexual attitudes, and belief in a just world." Legal and Criminological Psychology, 16, 242-252. doi: 10.1348/135532510X499887

Rodriguez, D. N., and Berry, M. A. (2009). "Dissonance reduction in jurors' post-verdict decisions." The American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 27,1-13.

Rye, M. S., Cahoon (Berry), M. B., Ali, R. S., and Daftary, T. (2008). "Development and validation of the Counterfactual Thinking for Negative Events Scale." Journal of Personality Assessment, 90(3), 261-269.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B., and Lundgren, D. C. (2001). "Counterfactual thinking, causal attribution, and the MBTI." Journal of Psychological Type, 56, 24-31.

Lundgren, D. C., Sampson, E. B., and Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (1998). "Undergraduate men's and women's responses to positive and negative feedback about academic performance." Psychological Reports, 82, 87-93.

Presentations

Berry, M. A., and Diviak, B. (2017, November). OIP-u: The University of Dayton chapter of the Ohio Innocence Project. Poster presentation at the Social Sciences Symposium, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH.

Rodriguez, D. N., Hanson, M., Berry, M. A., Rhead, L. M., Lawson, V. Z., and Penrod, S. D. (2017, March). Disclosed and undisclosed backloading in sequential, simultaneous, and modified simultaneous lineups. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Seattle, WA.

Reeb, B., Berry, M. A., Herdmann, E., and Muskin, R. (2016, November). Wrongful conviction: Injustice in the justice system. Poster presentation at the Social Sciences Symposium, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH.

Berry, M. A. (2016, October). Factors contributing to wrongful convictions: Illustrations from the Netflix series "Making a Murderer." International Wrongful Conviction Day, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH.

Brown, M., Rodriguez, D. N., Gretak, A., and Berry, M. A. (2016, March). Contaminated evidence: Preliminary implications of the behavioral immune system's influence in juror decision-making. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

Rodriguez, D. N., Berry, M. A., and Gresley, J. L. (2015, May). Modeling the influence of situational and attitudinal variables on lay responses to violent sexual and non-sexual offenders. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

Pedersen, M. and Berry, M. A. (2015, April). Hate crime laws: What are they and who do they protect? Poster presented at the Stander Symposium, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH.

Berry, M. A., and Rodriguez, D. N. (2015, May). Sensitizing jurors to variations in eyewitness evidence quality using counterfactual thinking. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

Gretak, A., Brown, M., Rush, B., Porter, J., East, M., Rodriguez, D. N., and Berry, M. A. (2014, November). Disgust and evidence strength as factors in juror decision making. Presentation at the Social Sciences Symposium, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH.

Smart, S., Berry, M. A., and Rodriguez, D. N. (2014, May). Skilled observation and change blindness: A comparison of police and student samples. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA.

Berry, M. A. (2012, June). "Evaluating witnesses and their testimony." Invited Panelist, Continuing Legal Education Seminar, Ohio Attorney General's Office, Criminal Justice Section: Columbus, OH.

Rodriguez, D. N., Berry, M. A., Glaser, M. K., & Timbrook, J. (2012, March).  "Lineup Administrator Blindness Affects the Recording of Eyewitness Identification Decisions."  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, San Juan, PR.

Rodriguez, D. N., Berry, M. A., Timbrook, J., & Gresley, J. (2011, March). "The Effects of Lineup Administrator Blindness on the Recording of Eyewitness Identification Decisions."  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Miami, FL.

Rodriguez, D. N., & Berry, M. A. (2010, March).  "Jurors’ Causal and Counterfactual Evaluations of Factors Affecting Eyewitness Evidence." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, Vancouver, BC.

Berry, M.A., & Rodriguez, D. N. (2009, May). "Cognitive Dissonance in Jurors' Sentencing Recommendations: The Buffering Effect of Trial Bifurcation." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, San Francisco, CA.

Rodriguez, D. N., & Berry, M. A. (2009, March). "Dissonance Reduction in Jurors' Post-Verdict Decisions." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology-Law Society, San Antonio, TX.

Rodriguez, D. N., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2008, May) "The Own-Race Bias in Eyewitness Identification: Effects on Accuracy and the Postidentification Feedback Effect." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago, IL.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B., & Rodriguez, D. N. (2007, August). "Amplification Interval and Eyewitness Identifications. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association," San Francisco, CA.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B., & Rodriguez, D. N. (2007, July). "Eyewitness Accuracy: Own- and Other-race Identifications and Method of Photo Presentation." Poster accepted for presentation at the 3rd International Congress of Psychology and Law, Adelaide, Australia.

Rodriguez, D. N., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2007, July). "Eyewitness Accuracy: The Effects of Postidentification Feedback and Method of Photo Presentation on Retrospective Reports." Poster accepted for presentation at the 3rd International Congress of Psychology and Law, Adelaide, Australia.

Rodriguez, D. N., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2007, May). "Retention Interval and the Eyewitness: Effects on Accuracy and the Postidentification Feedback Effect." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC.

Ali, R. S., Cahoon (Berry), M. B., Rye, M. S., & Daftary, T. (2007, May). "Who is to blame? Assessing the Role of Referent in Counterfactual Thinking." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Rodriguez, D. N., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2007, March). "System Variables in Eyewitnessing: Identification Accuracy and the Postidentification Feedback Effect." Poster presented at Off the Witness Stand: Using Psychology in the Practice of Justice, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, New York, NY.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B., & Rodriguez, D. N. (2006, October) "Forensic Psychology: Eyewitness Identifications and False Confessions." Invited presentation to the Psychology Club at Wilmington College.

Rodriguez, D. N., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2006, May). "Post-identification Feedback and Eyewitnesses' Reports of Identification Certainty." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, New York, NY.

Daftary, T., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2006, May). "Counterfactual Thinking and Judgments by Mock Jurors." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Daftary, T., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2006, March). "Outcome Severity, Monetary Anchors, and Mock Juror Decision-Making." Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, St. Petersburg, FL.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B., Ali, R. S., Rye, M. S., Daftary, T., Wells, K. T., Wilson, E., Prager, E., & Muskovich, K. L. (2005, August). "Measuring Counterfactual Thinking: A New Approach." Poster presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B., Daftary, T., Ali, R. S., & Muskovich, K. L. (2005, May). "Counterfactual Thinking: Measurement and Correlates." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, Los Angeles, CA.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B., Daftary, T., Muskovich, K. L., Ali, R. S., Wilson, E., & Prager, E. (2005, May). "Counterfactual Thinking, Self-esteem, and the Consideration of Future Consequences." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2004, May). "Self-Esteem, Sex, and Causal Attribution." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2004, May). "Coding for Counterfactual Content." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, Chicago, IL.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2003, May). "Counterfactual Thinking and Long-Distance Relationships." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.

Lhamon, K. D., & Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2003, May). "Face-ism and Trait Attribution." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Society, Atlanta, GA.

Cahoon (Berry), M. B. (2002, December). "Patient-Provider Communication." Presentation at a Physician Education Seminar of the Department of Anesthesiology, Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, OH.