Biological Safety Program

Biohazard Symbol

The goal of the EHS/RM Biological Safety Program is to make people aware of and to help reduce workplace injury due to biological hazards.  EHS/RM monitors compliance with local, state, and federal regulations and guidelines that affect agricultural, biological, and biomedical research at the University of Dayton.

What is biological safety?  Biological safety consists of the safe handling of all types of human and animal wastes including blood and whole animal parts, micro-organisms, viruses, etc.  However, not all biological agents are harmful to humans.  Biological material that posses a hazard to humans are termed infectious or pathological materials.  This material consists of the following and must be properly disposed of.   

(1) Infectious Agents:

Selection of an appropriate biosafety level for work with a particular agent or animal study depends upon a number of factors. Some of the most important factors are: the virulence, pathogenicity, biological stability, route of spread, and communicability of the agent; the nature or function of the laboratory; the procedures and manipulations involving the agent; the endemicity of the agent; and the availability of effective vaccines or therapeutic measures.

The University of Dayton Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) reviews operations involving bioagents and biohazards. The IBC recommends policies and procedures for biological and infectious materials. Regulatory compliance and protection of our personnel, facilities and other resources are integral to the committee’s work.

(2) Select Agents and Toxins:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) regulates the possession, use, and transfer of select agents and toxins that have the potential to pose a severe threat to public health and safety. The CDC Select Agent Program oversees these activities and registers all laboratories and other entities in the United States of America that possess, use, or transfer a select agent or toxin.

The U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Agriculture (USDA) published final rules for the possession, use, and transfer of select agents and toxins (42 C.F.R. Part 73, 7 C.F.R. Part 331, and 9 C.F.R. Part 121) in the Federal Register on March 18, 2005.

(3) Bloodborne Pathogens:

Workers in many different occupations are at risk of exposure to bloodborne pathogens, including Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV/AIDS. First aid team members, housekeeping personnel in some settings, nurses and other healthcare providers are examples of workers who may be at risk of exposure. 

In 1991, OSHA issued the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard (29 CFR 1910.1030) to protect workers from this risk. In 2001, in response to theNeedlestick Safety and Prevention Act, OSHA revised the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. The revised standard clarifies the need for employers to select safer needle devices and to involve employees in identifying and choosing these devices.

Policy

Manuals / Publications / Guides

To review the University of Dayton Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure Control Plan, please contact EHS/RM at 937-229-4503.

To review the infectious waste management guide, please contact EHS/RM at 937-229-4503.

Training

Additional Information

Shipping Infectious Materials

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) regulate shipment of human and animal pathogens. They require that researchers who prepare infectious materials for shipment receive periodic training (every 2 or 3 years, depending on the regulation). In addition, packages must be marked and labeled exactly as the regulations specify, and packaging materials must have been tested and certified to withstand certain durability and pressure tests. Cardboard boxes in which supplies have been received cannot be used to ship infectious materials. Recent events have led to greater scrutiny for compliance with these regulations.

For assistance with the shipment of infectious materials, please contact EHS/RM at 937-229-4503.

Infectious Waste Disposal

Biological waste is not permitted to be thrown out with normal trash and must be collected and disposed properly.  EHS/RM manages a waste management program (red barrel program).

Centers for Disease Control Biosafety Program (Centers for Disease Control Biosafety program)

Centers for Disease Control Select Agent Program (http://www.cdc.gov/od/sap/)

Centers for Disease Control List of Select Agents (http://www.cdc.gov/od/sap/docs/salist.pdf)

Videos

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Get in Touch

Mark Fuchs

Radiation Safety Officer

Raymond L. Fitz Hall, 125

mfuchs1@udayton.edu

937 229 4503

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