Why does UD need a Women's Center?

Why Women's Center?

Our name is a little misleading. While we are the Women's Center, that does not mean that we exclusively serve women. The Women's Center is open to all students, faculty, and staff who want to think about the ways in which gender intersects and impacts our lives.

Why not a Men's Center?

As a group, men have not been systematically denied access, faced gender oppression, or had to fight for equal rights based on gender or because of their status as men. However, this does not mean that men have not suffered because of our gender system or that individual men have not experienced cruelty and violence as a result of cultural issues related to misogyny, masculinity and gender expression. Women on the other hand, have historically experienced, and in many cases continue to experience, discrimination in areas such as representation, employment and salary equity. Men as part of other disenfranchised identity groups have had to fight for some of these rights, but not because they are men: in these cases the fight has been about race, sexual orientation, or socioeconomic status, for example.

So why do we need a Women's Center at UD? Here are a few reasons...

Representation

UD Representation
  • Women make up 47% of full-time undergraduate students at UD – 3,740 students out of a total 7,896 undergraduate students.
  • Women of color make up 4% of undergraduate students at UD – 318 students out of a total of 7,896 undergraduate students.
  • International women make up 2.4% of undergraduate students at UD – 195 students out of a total of 7,896 undergraduate students.
  • Women make up 50% of graduate students at UD – 1,105 students out of a total 2,196 graduate students.
  • Women constitute 42% of the total number of faculty. There are 233 women full-time instructional faculty compared to 317 men.
  • There are 34 women of color who are full-time instructional faculty, or 6% of the total number of faculty. For comparison, there are 64 men of color who are full-time instructional faculty, or 11% of the total number of faculty.
  • Of the 233 women full-time instructional faculty, 40% have tenure. Of the 317 men full-time instructional faculty, 62% have tenure. Tenure guarantees academic freedom and the right not to have his or her position terminated without just cause.
  • 6 of 35 current members of the UD Board of Trustees are women.
  • 8 of 18 current UD Vice Presidents/Associate Provosts are women.
  • There have been 0 women presidents at the University of Dayton.
Statewide PoliticalRepresentation
  • 7 out of 33 Ohio State Senators are women.
  • 25 out of 99 Ohio House Representatives are women.  
National Representation
  • 21 out of 100 U.S. Senators are women. 
  • 4 of the total 100 U.S. Senators are women of color. They are Senator Catherine Cortez-Masto (D-NV), Senator Tammy Duckworth (D-IL), Senator Mazie Hirono (D-HI), and Senator Kamala Harris (D-CA).
  • 84 out of 435, or less than 20% of U.S. Representatives are women. 
  • 34 out of 435, or about 8% U.S. Representatives are women of color. 
  • 6 out of 50 state governors are women. The states who have women governors are Alabama, Iowa, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, and Rhode Island.  
  • Only 3 women have ever been nominated as a Presidential or Vice Presidential candidate by a major political party in the United States: Hillary Clinton (P) by the Democratic party in 2016, Sarah Palin (VP) by the Republican party in 2008, and Geraldine Ferraro (VP) by the Democratic party in 1984. 
  • There have been 0 women presidents.
Representation in the Workforce
  • Women make up 47% of the general workforce.
  • Women make up 75% of those employed in education and health service industries, but only constitute 14.6% of executive officers and 12.4% of board directors within these same industries.
  • Women make up about 20% of those employed in the engineering field.
  • Less than 10% of women are employed in the construction industry. Of those in the construction industry, 50% are in office or administrative roles.
  • 44% of management positions are held by women. Of that 44%, 26% are women of color.
  • 32, or 6.4% of CEO positions in Fortune 500 companies are held by women. Some of the companies that are led by women are General Motors, Pepsi Co, IBM, and CST Brands.
  • 17% of board seats in Fortune 500 companies are held by women.

Sources:  UD Fact Book, UD Office of the President, Fortune 500Center for Women & Politics of OhioCenter for Women & American Politics Bureau of Labor Statistics (all data current as of 09/2017)

Compensation

  • Nationwide, women on average earn 80 cents to every dollar men earn.
  • White women earn 75 cents to every dollar men earn.
  • African American women earn 63 cents to every dollar men earn.
  • Latina/Hispanic American women earn 54 cents to every dollar men earn.
  • Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Island women earn 60 cents to every dollar men earn.
  • Asian American women earn 85 cents to every dollar men earn.
  • American Indian/Alaskan Native women earn 58 cents to every dollar men earn.
  • Women make up 62% of the minimum wage workers.
  • The median weekly earning for women is $780 compared to men at $934.
  • Over the course of a lifetime, the estimated loss of earnings of women compared with men are $700,000 for a high school graduate, $1.2 million for a college graduate, and $2 million for a professional school graduate.
  • On average, women take on more student debt than men at almost every degree level and type, from associate degrees to doctoral degrees and across institution types.
  • 34% of all women who were repaying student loans reported that they had been unable to meet essential expenses within the past year.
  • 57% of black women who were repaying student loans reported that they had been unable to meet essential expenses within the past year.

Sources:  National Committee on Pay Equity, AAUW, U.S. Department of Labor (all data current as of 09/2017)

Self Image

  • 20 million women and 10 million men in the United States struggle daily with disordered eating.
  • Approximately 91% of women are unhappy with their body image. 
  • 69% of girls ages 10 to 18 confirm that photographs of models and celebrities in magazines inspire their desired body shape.
  • 58% of college-aged girls feel pressure to be a certain weight. 
  • Approximately 80% of those who suffer from bulimia are women and girls.
  • Over 40% of women and about 20% of men say they would consider cosmetic surgery in the future. The statistics remain relatively constant across gender, age, marital status, and race.
  • Approximately 90-95% of those who suffer from anorexia are women and girls. Anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any mental illness.

Sources:  Do Something, National Eating Disorder Association (all data current as of 09/2017)

Violence Against Women

  • 1 in 3 women and 1 in 4 men have been victims of [some form of] physical violence by an intimate partner within their lifetime.
  • 1 in 4 women and 1 in 7 men have been victims of severe physical violence by an intimate partner in their lifetime.
  • 1 in 7 women and 1 in 18 men have been stalked by an intimate partner during their lifetime to the point in which they felt very fearful or believed that they or someone close to them would be harmed or killed.
  • Domestic violence is the leading cause of injury to women between the ages of 15 and 44 in the US; more than car accidents, muggings, and rapes combined.
  • 1 in 5 women and 1 in 71 men in the United States has been raped in their lifetime.
  • 19.3 million women and 5.1 million men in the United States have been stalked in their lifetime.
  • In the US, more than 1,200 women are killed each year by their intimate partner. A study of intimate partner homicides found that 20% of victims were not the intimate partners themselves, but family members, friends, neighbors, persons who intervened, law enforcement responders, or bystanders.
  • 72% of all murder-suicides involve an intimate partner; 94% of the victims of these murder suicides are female.
  • The health-related costs of rape, physical assault, stalking and homicide by intimate partners exceed $8.3 billion each year.
  • Women and girls make up 98% of victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation. Trafficking women and children for sexual exploitation is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world. 
Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence & StalkingBureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization SurveyCenters for Disease Control and PreventionNational Data on Intimate Partner Violence, Sexual Violence, and Stalkingall data current as of 09/2017)

It's About Families Too...

  • Out of 193 developed countries, the United States is one of eight countries that doesn’t guarantee paid maternity leave.
  • 92 countries offer paid paternity leave, but the United States is not one of them.
  • In the United States, 12% of workers have access to paid family leave through their employers.
  • On average, 42% of first time mothers took unpaid leave after giving birth; 5% of these women were let go.
  • Nearly 70% of all mothers with children under the age of 18 are in the labor force.
  • 76% of all African-American mothers with children under the age of 18 are in the labor force, more than any other group of mothers.
  • 40% of families have women as the primary breadwinner, even though women, on average, earn 80 cents compared to their male counterparts.
  • More than two-thirds of families with single mothers have an income at least 200% below the federal poverty line.
  • Working mothers make less money on average than non-mothers, while working fathers make more, on average than non-fathers. 

Sources: U.S. Department of Labor, Think Progress (all data current as of 09/2017)

Contact

Women's Center

Alumni Hall 2nd Floor 
300 College Park 
Dayton, Ohio 45469 - 0322

937-229-5390